Openstack Plugin



Description

The OpenStack plugin allows users to use an OpenStack based cloud infrastructure for deploying services and applications. For more information about OpenStack, please refer to: https://www.openstack.org/.

Plugin Requirements

  • Python Versions:
    • 2.7.x

Compatibility

The Openstack plugin has been tested against Openstack Icehouse, Juno and Kilo.

Note

In Openstack Kilo, Neutron security-groups must have a description, yet the plugin doesn’t enforce this (expected to be fixed in plugin version 1.2.1). To overcome this issue, one may provide a description to a security group by using the security_group property like so:

node_templates:
    my_security_group_node:
      properties:
        security_group:
          description: some-description
        ...
      ...

The Openstack plugin uses various Openstack clients packages. The versions used in Openstack Plugin version 1.2 are as follows:

Note

Due to some of these versions being slightly outdated (expected to be fixed in plugin version 1.2.1), Nova quota-related errors raised from Openstack Juno (or newer) may result in an AttributeError, masking the original error.

Types

cloudify.openstack.nodes.Server

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Compute

Properties:

  • server key-value server configuration as described in OpenStack compute create server API. (DEPRECATED - Use the args input in create operation instead)
  • image The image for the server. May receive either the ID or the name of the image. note: This property is currently optional for backwards compatibility, but will be modified to become a required property in future versions (Default: '').
  • flavor The flavor for the server. May receive either the ID or the name of the flavor. note: This property is currently optional for backwards compatibility, but will be modified to become a required property in future versions (Default: '').
  • management_network_name Cloudify’s management network name. Every server should be connected to the management network. If the management network’s name information is available in the Provider Context, this connection is made automatically and there’s no need to override this property (See the Misc section for more information on the Openstack Provider Context). Otherwise, it is required to set the value of this property to the management network name as it was set in the bootstrap process. Note: When using Nova-net Openstack (see the Nova-net Support section), don’t set this property. Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • use_password A boolean describing whether this server image supports user-password authentication. Images that do should post the administrator user’s password to the Openstack metadata service (e.g. via cloudbase); The password would then be retrieved by the plugin, decrypted using the server’s keypair and then saved in the server’s runtime properties. Defaults to false.
  • use_external_resource a boolean for setting whether to create the resource or use an existing one. See the using existing resources section. Defaults to false.
  • resource_id name to give to the new resource or the name or ID of an existing resource when the use_external_resource property is set to true (see the using existing resources section). Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration. (DEPRECATED - Use the openstack_config input in all the operations instead)

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create creates the server.
    • Inputs:
      • args key-value server configuration as described in OpenStack compute create server API.
        • Notes:
          • Usage of the nics key should be avoided. To connect the server to networks, the Server node should be connected to Network nodes and/or Port nodes via relationships. These will then be translated into the appropriate nics definitions automatically.
          • The public key which is set for the server needs to match the private key file whose path is set for the cloudify_agent’s key property (see cloudify.nodes.Compute’s properties). The public key may be set in a number of ways:
            • By connecting the server node to a keypair node using the cloudify.openstack.server_connected_to_keypair relationship.
            • By setting it explicitly in the key_name key under the server property (note: in this case, the value will get attached with the resource prefix. See Misc section).
            • If the agent’s keypair information is set in the Provider Context, the agents’ keypair will serve as the default public key to be used if it was not specified otherwise. See the Misc section for more information on the Openstack Provider Context.
          • If the server is to have an agent installed on it, it should use the agents security group. If the agents security group information isn’t set in the Provider Context, this group should be set by using the security_groups key. See the Misc section for more information on the Openstack Provider Context.
        • Sugaring:
          • image_name (DEPRECATED - Use the image property instead) will automatically resolve the Openstack name of an image into its matching image id.
          • flavor_name (DEPRECATED - Use the flavor property instead) will automatically resolve the Openstack name of a flavor into its matching flavor id.
          • the userdata key may receive either a string (passed as-is to Nova in the create server request), or a dictionary containing:
            • a field type whose value is http
            • a field url whose value is a url to a userdata script/value.
      • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.start starts the server, if it’s not already started.
    • Inputs:
      • start_retry_interval Polling interval until the server becomes active (in seconds) (Default: 30)
      • private_key_path Path to private key which matches the server’s public key. Will be used to decrypt password in case the use_password property is set to true. If not set, the plugin will attempt to find a keypair node connected to the server and use that, or use the default agent keypair which is set during bootstrap (Default: '').
      • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.stop stops the server, if it’s not already stopped.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete deletes the server and waits for termination.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation see common validations section. Additionally, the image and flavor supplied are checked for existence.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Two additional runtime-properties are available on node instances of this type once the cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.start operation succeeds:

  • networks server’s networks’ information, as retrieved from the Nova service.
  • ip the private IP (ip on the internal network) of the server.
  • password the password for the administrator user. This runtime property is only available if the use_password property is set to true.

cloudify.openstack.nodes.WindowsServer

Derived From: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Server

This type has the same properties and operations-mapping as the type above (as it derives from it), yet it overrides some of the agent and plugin installations operations-mapping derived from the built-in cloudify.nodes.Compute type. Use this type when working with a Windows server.

Additionally, the default value for the use_password property is overridden for this type, and is set to true. When using an image with a preset password, it should be modified to false.

cloudify.openstack.nodes.KeyPair

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Root

Properties:

  • private_key_path Required. The path (on the machine the plugin is running on) where the private key should be stored. If use_external_resource is set to true, the existing private key is expected to be at this path.
  • keypair key-value keypair configuration as described in OpenStack network create keypair API. (DEPRECATED - Use the args input in create operation instead)
  • use_external_resource a boolean for setting whether to create the resource or use an existing one. See the using existing resources section. Defaults to false.
  • resource_id name to give to the new resource or the name or ID of an existing resource when the use_external_resource property is set to true (see the using existing resources section). Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration. (DEPRECATED - Use the openstack_config input in all the operations instead)

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create creates the keypair.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete deletes the keypair.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation see common validations section. Additional validations which take place:
    • validation for the private key path supplied not to exist if it’s a new keypair resource.
    • validation for the private key path supplied to exist and have the correct permissions and/or owner if it’s an existing keypair resource.
    • Inputs:

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

cloudify.openstack.nodes.Subnet

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Subnet

Properties:

  • subnet key-value subnet configuration as described in OpenStack network create subnet API. (DEPRECATED - Use the args input in create operation instead)
  • use_external_resource a boolean for setting whether to create the resource or use an existing one. See the using existing resources section. Defaults to false.
  • resource_id name to give to the new resource or the name or ID of an existing resource when the use_external_resource property is set to true (see the using existing resources section). Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration. (DEPRECATED - Use the openstack_config input in all the operations instead)

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create creates the subnet.
    • Inputs:
      • args key-value subnet configuration as described in OpenStack network create subnet API.
        • Notes:
          • The network_id key should not be used. Instead, the Subnet node should be connected to exactly one Network node via a relationship. It will then be placed on that network automatically.
      • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete deletes the subnet.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation see common validations section. Additionally, the cidr property’s value is verified to be of the correct format.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

cloudify.openstack.nodes.SecurityGroup

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.SecurityGroup

Properties:

  • security_group key-value security_group configuration as described in OpenStack network create security group API. (DEPRECATED - Use the args input in create operation instead)
  • rules key-value security_group_rule configuration as described in OpenStack network create security group rule. Defaults to [].
    • Note: Each rule will be parsed with default values, which will take effect unless overridden. The default values are:
      • direction: ingress
      • ethertype: IPv4
      • port_range_min: 1
      • port_range_max: 65535
      • protocol: tcp
      • remote_group_id: None
      • remote_ip_prefix: 0.0.0.0/0
    • If remote_group_id, remote_group_node or remote_group_name are used, remote_ip_prefix is replaced with value None
  • disable_default_egress_rules a flag for removing the default rules which allow all egress traffic. If not set to true, these rules will remain, and exist alongside any additional rules passed using the rules property. Defaults to false.
  • use_external_resource a boolean for setting whether to create the resource or use an existing one. See the using existing resources section. Defaults to false.
  • resource_id name to give to the new resource or the name or ID of an existing resource when the use_external_resource property is set to true (see the using existing resources section). Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration. (DEPRECATED - Use the openstack_config input in all the operations instead)

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create creates the security group, along with its defined rules.
    • Inputs:
      • args key-value security_group configuration as described in OpenStack network create security group API. Defaults to {}.
        • Sugaring:
          • port key may be used instead of the port_range_max and port_range_min keys to limit the rule to a single port.
          • remote_group_node can be used instead of remote_group_id to specify a remote group, by supplying this key with a value which is the name of the remote security group node. The target node must be a node the current security-group node has a relationship (of any type) to. Note that like the remote_group_id key, this shouldn’t be provided if remote_ip_prefix was provided.
          • remote_group_name will automatically resolve the Openstack name of a security group into a remote_group_id. Note that like the remote_group_id key, this shouldn’t be provided if remote_ip_prefix was provided.
      • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete deletes the security group.
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation see common validations section. Additionally, the CIDR of rules which specify one is verified to be of the correct format.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

cloudify.openstack.nodes.Router

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Router

Properties:

  • router key-value router configuration as described in OpenStack network create router API. (DEPRECATED - Use the args input in create operation instead)
  • external_network An external network name or ID. If given, the router will use this external network as a gateway. Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • default_to_managers_external_network A boolean which determines whether to use the Cloudify Manager’s external network if no other external network was given (whether by a relationship, by the external_network property or by the nested external_gateway_info key in the router property). This is only relevant if the manager’s external network appears in the Provider-context. Defaults to true.
  • use_external_resource a boolean for setting whether to create the resource or use an existing one. See the using existing resources section. Defaults to false.
  • resource_id name to give to the new resource or the name or ID of an existing resource when the use_external_resource property is set to true (see the using existing resources section). Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration. (DEPRECATED - Use the openstack_config input in all the operations instead)

Notes:

  • There are several ways to connect a router to an external network:
    • The most direct way is to use the external_network property, which allows providing either the name or ID of the external network to connect to.
    • Another option which may be preferred, especially if there’s already a node representing the external network in the blueprint, is to connect the router to the external network using a relationship.
    • It’s possible to pass the external network ID via the standard Neutron API by using the nested network_id key under the external_gateway_info key of the router property. This will override the value given under the external_network property.
    • If none of the above is provided, and the external-network used by the Cloudify Manager is available in the Provider-context, it may be automatically used as the gateway for the router, depending on the value of the default_to_managers_external_network property.
  • Don’t provide an external network by both an ID/name and by relationship - this will result in an error.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create creates the router
    • Inputs:
      • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration.
      • args key-value router configuration as described in OpenStack network create router API. Defaults to {}.
        • Notes:
          • There are several ways to connect a router to an external network:
            • The most direct way is to use the external_network property, which allows providing either the name or ID of the external network to connect to.
            • Another option which may be preferred, especially if there’s already a node representing the external network in the blueprint, is to connect the router to the external network using a relationship.
            • It’s possible to pass the external network ID via the standard Neutron API by using the nested network_id key under the external_gateway_info key of the router property. This will override the value given under the external_network property.
            • If none of the above is provided, and the external-network used by the Cloudify Manager is available in the Provider-context, it may be automatically used as the gateway for the router, depending on the value of the default_to_managers_external_network property.
          • Don’t provide an external network by both an ID/name and by relationship - this will result in an error.

Deprecation Notice

The network_name sugaring under the external_gateway_info key is now deprecated; Use the external_netowrk property to connect the router to an external network by giving either the external network’s name or ID.

See more information in the migration guide.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

cloudify.openstack.nodes.Port

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Root

Properties:

  • port key-value port configuration as described in OpenStack network create port API. (DEPRECATED - Use the args input in create operation instead)
  • fixed_ip may be used to request a specific fixed IP for the port. If the IP is unavailable (either already taken or does not belong to a subnet the port is on) an error will be raised. Defaults to ''.
  • use_external_resource a boolean for setting whether to create the resource or use an existing one. See the using existing resources section. Defaults to false.
  • resource_id name to give to the new resource or the name or ID of an existing resource when the use_external_resource property is set to true (see the using existing resources section). Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration. (DEPRECATED - Use the openstack_config input in all the operations instead)

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create creates the port
    • Inputs:
      • args key-value port configuration as described in OpenStack network create port API. Defaults to {}.
        • Notes:
          • The network_id key should not be used. Instead, the Port node should be connected to a single Network node via a relationship. It will then be placed on that network automatically.
      • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete deletes the port
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation see common validations section.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Additionally, the Port’s fixed-IP is available via the fixed_ip_address runtime property.

cloudify.openstack.nodes.Network

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Network

Properties:

  • network key-value network configuration as described in OpenStack network create network API. (DEPRECATED - Use the args input in create operation instead)
  • use_external_resource a boolean for setting whether to create the resource or use an existing one. See the using existing resources section. Defaults to false.
  • resource_id name to give to the new resource or the name or ID of an existing resource when the use_external_resource property is set to true (see the using existing resources section). Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration. (DEPRECATED - Use the openstack_config input in all the operations instead)

Mapped Operations:

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

cloudify.openstack.nodes.FloatingIP

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Root

Properties:

  • floatingip key-value floatingip configuration as described in OpenStack network create floating ip API. (DEPRECATED - Use the args input in create operation instead)
  • use_external_resource a boolean for setting whether to create the resource or use an existing one. See the using existing resources section. Defaults to false.
  • resource_id the IP or ID of an existing floating IP when the use_external_resource property is set to true (see the using existing resources section). Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration. (DEPRECATED - Use the openstack_config input in all the operations instead)

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create creates the floating IP
    • Inputs:
      • args key-value floatingip configuration as described in OpenStack network create floating ip API. Defaults to {}.
        • Notes:
          • a floating_ip_address key can be passed for using an existing allocated floating IP. The value is the existing floating IP address.
        • Sugaring:
          • floating_network_name will automatically resolve the Openstack name of a network into the floating_network_id
          • ip equivalent of the floating_ip_address key
      • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration.
  • cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete deletes the floating IP
  • cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation see common validations section.

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Note that the actual IP is available via the floating_ip_address runtime-property.

cloudify.openstack.nodes.Volume

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.Volume

Properties:

  • volume key-value volume configuration as described in OpenStack Cinder create volume API. (DEPRECATED - Use the args input in create operation instead)
  • device_name The device name this volume will be attached to. Default value is auto, which means openstack will auto-assign a device. Note that if you do explicitly set a value, this value may not be the actual device name assigned. Sometimes the device requested will not be available and openstack will assign it to a different device, this is why we recommend using auto.
  • use_external_resource a boolean for setting whether to create the resource or use an existing one. See the using existing resources section. Defaults to false.
  • resource_id name to give to the new resource or the name or ID of an existing resource when the use_external_resource property is set to true (see the using existing resources section). Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration. (DEPRECATED - Use the openstack_config input in all the operations instead)

Mapped Operations:

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

cloudify.openstack.nova_net.nodes.FloatingIP

Note

This is a Nova-net specific type. See more in the Nova-net Support section.

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.VirtualIP

Properties:

  • floatingip key-value floatingip configuration as described in OpenStack Nova create floating ip API. (DEPRECATED - Use the args input in create operation instead)
  • use_external_resource a boolean for setting whether to create the resource or use an existing one. See the using existing resources section. Defaults to false.
  • resource_id the IP or ID of an existing floating IP when the use_external_resource property is set to true (see the using existing resources section). Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration. (DEPRECATED - Use the openstack_config input in all the operations instead)

Mapped Operations:

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Note that the actual IP is available via the floating_ip_address runtime-property.

cloudify.openstack.nova_net.nodes.SecurityGroup

Note

This is a Nova-net specific type. See more in the Nova-net Support section.

Derived From: cloudify.nodes.SecurityGroup

Properties:

  • description Required. The description for the security-group.
  • security_group key-value security_group configuration as described in OpenStack Nova create security group API. (DEPRECATED - Use the args input in create operation instead)
  • rules key-value security group rule configuration as described in OpenStack Nova security group API. Defaults to [].
    • Note: Each rule will be parsed with default values, which will take effect unless overridden. The default values are:
      • from_port: 1
      • to_port: 65535
      • ip_protocol: tcp
      • cidr: 0.0.0.0/0
  • use_external_resource a boolean for setting whether to create the resource or use an existing one. See the using existing resources section. Defaults to false.
  • resource_id name to give to the new resource or the name or ID of an existing resource when the use_external_resource property is set to true (see the using existing resources section). Defaults to '' (empty string).
  • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration. (DEPRECATED - Use the openstack_config input in all the operations instead)

Mapped Operations:

Attributes:

See the common Runtime Properties section.

Relationships

Information

Not all relationships have built-in types (i.e., some types may simply get connected using standard Cloudify relationships such as cloudify.relationships.connected_to).

Some relationships take effect in non-relationship operations, e.g. a subnet which is connected to a network actually gets connected on subnet’s creation (in the cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create operation) and not in a cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.establish operation - this occurs whenever the connection information is required on resource creation.

cloudify.openstack.port_connected_to_security_group

Description: A relationship for a port to a security group.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.establish: sets the security group on the port.

cloudify.openstack.subnet_connected_to_router

Description: A relationship for connecting a subnet to a router.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.establish: connects the subnet to the router.
  • cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.unlink: disconnects the subnet from the router.

cloudify.openstack.server_connected_to_floating_ip

Description: A relationship for associating a floating ip with a server.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.establish: associates the floating IP with the server.
    • Inputs:
      • fixed_ip a specific fixed-IP of the server to be associated with the floating IP. If omitted, a fixed-IP (or “port”) will be chosen by Openstack (Default: '').
      • openstack_config see the Openstack Configuration.
  • cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.unlink: disassociates the floating IP from the server.

cloudify.openstack.server_connected_to_security_group

Description: A relationship for setting a security group on a server.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.establish: sets the security group on the server.
  • cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.unlink: unsets the security group from the server.

cloudify.openstack.volume_attached_to_server

Description: A relationship for attaching a volume to a server.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.establish: attaches the volume to the server.
  • cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.unlink: detaches the volume from the server.

cloudify.openstack.server_connected_to_port

Description: A relationship for connecting a server to a port. The server will use this relationship to automatically connect to the port upon server creation.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.unlink: detaches the volume from the server.

cloudify.openstack.port_connected_to_subnet

Description: A relationship for connecting a port to a subnet. This is useful when a network has multiple subnets, and a port should belong to a specific subnet on that network. The port will then receive some IP from that given subnet.

Note that when using this relationship in combination with the port type’s property fixed_ip, the IP given should be on the CIDR of the subnet connected to the port.

Note: This relationship has no operations associated with it; The port will use this relationship to automatically connect to the subnet upon port creation.

cloudify.openstack.port_connected_to_floating_ip

Description: A relationship for associating a floating ip with a port. If that port is later connected to a server, the server will be accessible via the floating IP.

Mapped Operations:

  • cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.establish: associates the floating IP with the port.
  • cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.unlink: disassociates the floating IP from the port.

Types’ Common Behaviors

Validations

All types offer the same base functionality for the cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation interface operation:

  • If it’s a new resource (use_external_resource is set to false), the basic validation is to verify there’s enough quota to allocate a new resource of the given type.

  • When using an existing resource, the validation ensures the resource indeed exists.

Runtime Properties

Node instances of any of the types defined in this plugin get set with the following runtime properties during the cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create operation:

  • external_id the Openstack ID of the resource
  • external_type the Openstack type of the resource
  • external_name the Openstack name of the resource

The only exceptions are the two floating-ip types - Since floating-ip objects on Openstack don’t have a name, the external_name runtime property is replaced with the floating_ip_address one, which holds the object’s actual IP address.

Default Resource Naming Convention

When creating a new resource (i.e. use_external_resource is set to false), its name on Openstack will be the value of its resource_id property (possibly with the addition of a prefix - see the Misc section). However, if this value is not provided, the name will default to the following schema:

<openstack-resource-type>_<deployment-id>_<node-instance-id>

For example, if a server node is defined as so:

node_templates:
  myserver:
    type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Server
    ...

Yet without setting the resource_id property, then the server’s name on Openstack will be server_my-deployment_myserver_XXXXX (where the XXXXX is the autogenerated part of the node instance’s ID).

Using Existing Resources

It is possible to use existing resources on Openstack - whether these have been created by a different Cloudify deployment or not via Cloudify at all.

All Cloudify Openstack types have a property named use_external_resource, whose default value is false. When set to true, the plugin will apply different semantics for each of the operations executed on the relevant node’s instances. Specifically, in the case of the cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.create operation, rather than creating a new resource on Openstack of the given type, the plugin will behave as follows:

  1. Try to find an existing resource on Openstack whose name (or IP, in the case of one of the floating-ip types) is the value specified for the resource_id property. If more than one is found, an error is raised.

  2. If no resource was found, the plugin will use the value of the resource_id property to look for the resource by ID instead. If a resource still isn’t found, an error is raised.

  3. If a single resource was found, the plugin will use that resource, and set the node instance with the appropriate runtime properties according to the resource’s data.

The semantics of other operations are affected as well:

  • The cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.start operation, where applicable, will only validate that the resource is indeed started, raising an error if it isn’t.

  • The cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.stop operation, where applicable, won’t have any effect.

  • The cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle.delete operation will not actually delete the resource from Openstack (but will clear the runtime properties from the node instance).

  • The cloudify.interfaces.validation.creation operation will verify that a resource with the given name or ID indeed exists, or otherwise print a list of all available resources of the given type.

  • The cloudify.interfaces.relationship_lifecycle.establish operation will behave as normal if the related node is not set with use_external_resource as true; However if both nodes have this property set to true, the operation will only attempt to verify that they’re indeed “connected” on Openstack as well (“connected” in this case also refers to a security-group imposed on a server, floating-ip associated with a server, etc.).

Notes

  • Unlike when creating a new resource, the resource prefix (see the Misc section) will not get appended to the resource_id value when attempting to use an existing resource. Make sure the name or ID supplied are the exact resource’s values as they are on Openstack.

  • As mentioned in the Relationships section, some relationships take effect in non-relationship operations. When use_external_resource is set to true, the existence of such connections is validated as well.

  • Using an existing resource only makes sense for single-instance nodes.

Openstack Configuration

The Openstack plugin requires credentials and endpoint setup information in order to authenticate and interact with Openstack.

This information will be gathered by the plugin from the following sources, each source possibly partially or completely overriding values gathered from previous ones:

  1. environment variables for each of the configuration parameters.
  2. JSON file at ~/openstack_config.json or at a path specified by the value of an environment variable named OPENSTACK_CONFIG_PATH
  3. values specified in the openstack_config property for the node whose operation is currently getting executed (in the case of relationship operations, the openstack_config property of either the source or target nodes will be used if available, with the source’s one taking precedence).

The structure of the JSON file in section (2), as well as of the openstack_config property in section (3), is as follows:

{
    "username": "",
    "password": "",
    "tenant_name": "",
    "auth_url": "",
    "region": "",
    "nova_url": "",
    "neutron_url": "",
    "custom_configuration": ""
}
  • username username for authentication with Openstack Keystone service.
  • password password for authentication with Openstack Keystone service.
  • tenant_name name of the tenant to be used.
  • auth_url URL of the Openstack Keystone service.
  • region Openstack region to be used. This may be optional when there’s but a single region.
  • nova_url (DEPRECATED - instead, use custom_configuration to pass bypass_url directly to the Nova client) explicit URL for the Openstack Nova service. This may be used to override the URL for the Nova service that is listed in the Keystone service.
  • neutron_url (DEPRECATED - instead, use custom_configuration to pass endpoint_url directly to the Neutron client) explicit URL for the Openstack Neutron service. This may be used to override the URL for the Neutron service that is listed in the Keystone service.
  • custom_configuration a dictionary which allows overriding or directly passing custom configuration parameter to each of the Openstack clients, by using any of the relevant keys: keystone_client, nova_client, neutron_client or cinder_client.
    • Parameters passed directly to Openstack clients using the custom_configuration mechanism will override other definitions (e.g. any of the common Openstack configuration parameters listed above, such as username and tenant_name)
    • The following is an example for the usage of the custom_configuration section in a blueprint:
custom_configuration:
  nova_client:
    bypass_url: nova-endpoint-url
    nova_specific_key_1: value_1
    nova_specific_key_2: value_2
  neutron_client:
    endpoint_url: neutron-endpoint-url
  keystone_client:
    ..
  cinder_client:
    ..

The environment variables mentioned in (1) are the standard Openstack environment variables equivalent to the ones in the JSON file or openstack_config property. In their respective order, they are:

  • OS_USERNAME
  • OS_PASSWORD
  • OS_TENANT_NAME
  • OS_AUTH_URL
  • OS_REGION_NAME
  • NOVACLIENT_BYPASS_URL
  • OS_URL

Note: custom_configuration doesn’t have an equivalent standard Openstack environment variable.

Tip

The Openstack manager blueprint and the Openstack provider store the Openstack configuration used for the bootstrap process in a JSON file as described in (2) at ~/openstack-config.json. Therefore, if they’ve been used for bootstrap, the Openstack configuration for applications isn’t required as the plugin will default to these same settings.

Nova-net Support

The Openstack plugin includes support for Nova-net mode - i.e., an Openstack installation which does not have the Networking API (Neutron service).

In such an environment, there is but a single preconfigured private network, which all servers make use of automatically. There are no subnets, networks, routers or ports. Since these resource types don’t exist, the plugin’s equivalent types aren’t valid to use in such an environment.

There are, however, some resource types whose API is available via both the Nova and Neutron services - These had originally been on the Nova service, and later were moved and got extended implementation in the Neutron one, but were also kept in the Nova service for backward compatibility.

For these resource types, the Openstack plugin defines two separate types - one in the plugin’s standard types namespace (cloudify.openstack.nodes.XXX), which uses the newer and extended API via the Neutron service; and Another in a special namespace (cloudify.openstack.nova_net.nodes.XXX), which uses the older API via the Nova service. This is why you may notice two separate types defined for Floating IP, as well as for Security Group.

To summarize, ensure that when working in a Nova-net Openstack environment, Neutron types aren’t used - these include all types whose resources’ APIs are natively available only via the Network API, as well as the types which are in the cloudify.openstack.nova_net.Nodes namespace.

On the opposite side, when using an Openstack environment which supports Neutron, it’s recommended to use the Neutron-versions of the relevant types (i.e. avoid any types defined under the cloudify.openstack.nova_net.Nodes namespace), as they offer more advanced capabilities. However, it’s important to mention that this is not required, and using the Nova-versions of some types in a Neutron-enabled environment is possible and will work as well.

Examples

Example I

This example will show how to use most of the types in this plugin, as well as how to make the relationships between them.

We’ll see how to create a server with a security group set on it and a floating_ip associated to it, on a subnet in a network.

The following is an excerpt from the blueprint’s blueprint.nodes section:

my_floating_ip:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.FloatingIP
  interfaces:
    cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle:
      create:
        inputs:
          args:
            floating_network_name: Ext-Net


my_network:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Network
  properties:
    resource_id: my_network_openstack_name


my_subnet:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Subnet
  properties:
    resource_id: my_subnet_openstack_name
  interfaces:
    cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle:
      create:
        inputs:
          args:
            cidr: 1.2.3.0/24
            ip_version: 4
    cloudify.interfaces.validation:
      creation:
        inputs:
          args:
            cidr: 1.2.3.0/24
            ip_version: 4
  relationships:
    - target: my_network
      type: cloudify.relationships.contained_in


my_security_group:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.SecurityGroup
  properties:
    resource_id: my_security_group_openstack_name
    rules:
      - remote_ip_prefix: 0.0.0.0/0
        port: 8080


my_server:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Server
  properties:
    resource_id: my_server_openstack_name
  interfaces:
    cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle:
      create:
        inputs:
          args:
            image: 8672f4c6-e33d-46f5-b6d8-ebbeba12fa02
            flavor: 101
    cloudify.interfaces.validation:
      creation:
        inputs:
          args:
            image: 8672f4c6-e33d-46f5-b6d8-ebbeba12fa02
            flavor: 101
  relationships:
    - target: my_network
      type: cloudify.relationships.connected_to
    - target: my_subnet
      type: cloudify.relationships.depends_on
    - target: my_floating_ip
      type: cloudify.openstack.server_connected_to_floating_ip
    - target: my_security_group
      type: cloudify.openstack.server_connected_to_security_group

Node by node explanation:

  1. Creates a floating IP, whose node name is my_floating_ip, and whose floating_network_name is Ext-Net (This value represents the name of the external network).

  2. Creates a network, whose node name is my_network, and whose name on Openstack is my_network_openstack_name.

  3. Creates a subnet, whose node name is my_subnet, and whose name on Openstack is my_subnet_openstack_name. The subnet’s address range is defined to be 1.2.3.0 - 1.2.3.255 using the cidr parameter, and the subnet’s IP version is set to version 4. The subnet will be set on the my_network_openstack_name network because of the relationship to the my_network node.

  4. Creates a security_group, whose node name is my_security_group, and whose name on Openstack is my_security_group_openstack_Name. The security group is set with a single rule, which allows all traffic (since we use the address range 0.0.0.0/0) to port 8080 (default direction is ingress).

  5. Creates a server, whose node name is my_server, and whose name on openstack is my_server_openstack_name. The server is set with an image and flavor IDs. The server is set with multiple relationships: - A relationship to the my_network node: Through this relationship, the server will be automatically placed on the my_network_openstack_name network. - A relationship to the my_subnet node: This relationship is strictly for ensuring the order of creation is correct, as the server requires the my_subnet_openstack_name subnet to exist before it can be created on it. - A relationship to the my_floating_ip node: This designated relationship type will take care of associating the server with the floating IP represented by the my_floating_ip node. - A relationship with the my_security_group node: This relationship will take care of setting the server up with the security group represented by the my_security_group node.

Example II

This example will show how to use the router and port types, as well as some of the relationships that were missing from Example I.

We’ll see how to create a server connected to a port, where the port is set on a subnet in a network, and has a security group set on it. Finally, we’ll see how this subnet connects to a router and from there to the external network.

The following is an excerpt from the blueprint’s blueprint.node_templates section:

my_network:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Network
  properties:
    resource_id: my_network_openstack_name


my_security_group:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.SecurityGroup
  properties:
    resource_id: my_security_group_openstack_name
    rules:
      - remote_ip_prefix: 0.0.0.0/0
        port: 8080


my_subnet:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Subnet
  properties:
    resource_id: my_subnet_openstack_name
  interfaces:
    cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle:
      create:
        inputs:
          args:
            cidr: 1.2.3.0/24
            ip_version: 4
    cloudify.interfaces.validation:
      creation:
        inputs:
          args:
            cidr: 1.2.3.0/24
            ip_version: 4
  relationships:
    - target: my_network
      type: cloudify.relationships.contained_in
    - target: my_router
      type: cloudify.openstack.subnet_connected_to_router


my_port:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Port
  properties:
    resource_id: my_port_openstack_name
  relationships:
    - target: my_network
      type: cloudify.relationships.contained_in
    - target: my_subnet
      type: cloudify.relationships.depends_on
    - target: my_security_group
      type: cloudify.openstack.port_connected_to_security_group


my_router:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Router
  properties:
    resource_id: my_router_openstack_Name


my_server:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Server
  properties:
    cloudify_agent:
      user: ubuntu
  interfaces:
    cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle:
      create:
        inputs:
          args:
            image: 8672f4c6-e33d-46f5-b6d8-ebbeba12fa02
            flavor: 101
    cloudify.interfaces.validation:
      creation:
        inputs:
          args:
            image: 8672f4c6-e33d-46f5-b6d8-ebbeba12fa02
            flavor: 101
  relationships:
    - target: my_port
      type: cloudify.openstack.server_connected_to_port

Node by node explanation:

  1. Creates a network. See Example I for more information.

  2. Creates a security group. See Example I for more information.

  3. Creates a subnet. This is again similar to what we’ve done in Example I. The difference here is that the subnet has an extra relationship set towards a router.

  4. Creates a port, whose node name is my_port, and whose name on Openstack is my_port_openstack_name. The port is set with multiple relationships: - A relationship to the my_network node: Through this relationship, the port will be automatically placed on the my_network_openstack_name network. - A relationship to the my_subnet node: This relationship is strictly for ensuring the order of creation is correct, as the port requires the my_subnet_openstack_name subnet to exist before it can be created on it. - A relationship to the my_security_group node: This designated relationship type will take care of setting the my_security_group_openstack_name security group on the port.

  5. Creates a router, whose node name is my_router, and whose name on Openstack is my_router_openstack_name. The router will automatically have an interface in the external network.

  6. Creates a server, whose node name is my_server, and whose name on Openstack is the node’s ID (since no name parameter was supplied under the server property). The server is set with an image and flavor IDs. It also overrides the cloudify_agent property of its parent type to set the username that will be used to connect to the server for installing the Cloudify agent on it. Finally, it is set with a relationship to the my_port node: This designated relationship type will take care of connecting the server to my_port_openstack_name.

Example III

This example will show how to use the volume type, as well as volume_attached_to_server relationship.

The following is an excerpt from the blueprint’s blueprint.node_templates section:

my_server:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Server
  properties:
    cloudify_agent:
      user: ubuntu
  interfaces:
    cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle:
      create:
        inputs:
          args:
            image: 8672f4c6-e33d-46f5-b6d8-ebbeba12fa02
            flavor: 101
    cloudify.interfaces.validation:
      creation:
        inputs:
          args:
            image: 8672f4c6-e33d-46f5-b6d8-ebbeba12fa02
            flavor: 101

my_volume:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Volume
  properties:
    resource_id: my_openstack_volume_name
    device_name: /dev/vdb
  interfaces:
    cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle:
      create:
        inputs:
          args:
            size: 1
  relationships:
    - target: my_server
      type: cloudify.openstack.volume_attached_to_server

Node by node explanation:

  1. Creates a server, with name my_server, and with name on Openstack the node’s ID (since no name parameter was supplied under the server property). The server is set with an image and flavor IDs.
  2. Creates a volume. It is set with a relationship to the my_server node: This designated relationship type will take care of attaching the volume to Openstack server node.

Example IV

This example will show how to use a Windows server with a Cloudify agent on it.

The following is an excerpt from the blueprint’s blueprint.node_templates section:

my_keypair:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.KeyPair
  properties:
    private_key_path: /tmp/windows-test.pem

my_server:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.WindowsServer
  relationships:
    - type: cloudify.openstack.server_connected_to_keypair
      target: keypair
  interfaces:
    cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle:
      create:
        inputs:
          args:
            server:
              image: 8672f4c6-e33d-46f5-b6d8-ebbeba12fa02
              flavor: 101
              name: my-server
              userdata: |
                #ps1_sysnative
                winrm quickconfig -q
                winrm set winrm/config/winrs '@{MaxMemoryPerShellMB="300"}'
                winrm set winrm/config '@{MaxTimeoutms="1800000"}'
                winrm set winrm/config/service '@{AllowUnencrypted="true"}'
                winrm set winrm/config/service/auth '@{Basic="true"}'
                &netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="WinRM 5985" protocol=TCP dir=in localport=5985 action=allow
                &netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="WinRM 5986" protocol=TCP dir=in localport=5986 action=allow

                msiexec /i https://www.python.org/ftp/python/2.7.6/python-2.7.6.msi TARGETDIR=C:\Python27 ALLUSERS=1 /qn
    cloudify.interfaces.validation:
      creation:
        inputs:
          args:
            server:
              image: 8672f4c6-e33d-46f5-b6d8-ebbeba12fa02
              flavor: 101
              name: my-server
              userdata: |
                #ps1_sysnative
                winrm quickconfig -q
                winrm set winrm/config/winrs '@{MaxMemoryPerShellMB="300"}'
                winrm set winrm/config '@{MaxTimeoutms="1800000"}'
                winrm set winrm/config/service '@{AllowUnencrypted="true"}'
                winrm set winrm/config/service/auth '@{Basic="true"}'
                &netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="WinRM 5985" protocol=TCP dir=in localport=5985 action=allow
                &netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="WinRM 5986" protocol=TCP dir=in localport=5986 action=allow

                msiexec /i https://www.python.org/ftp/python/2.7.6/python-2.7.6.msi TARGETDIR=C:\Python27 ALLUSERS=1 /qn
    cloudify.interfaces.worker_installer:
      install:
        inputs:
          cloudify_agent:
            user: Admin
            password: { get_attribute: [SELF, password] }

Node by node explanation:

  1. Creates a keypair. the private key will be saved under /tmp/windows-test.pem.
  2. Creates a Windows server: * It is set with a relationship to the my_keypair node, which will make the server use the it as a public key for authentication, and also use this public key to encrypt its password before posting it to the Openstack metadata service. * The worker-installer interface operations are given values for the user and password for the cloudify_agent input - the password uses the get_attribute feature to retrieve the decrypted password from the Server’s runtime properties (Note that in this example, only the install operation was given with this input, but all of the worker installer operations as well as the plugin installer operations should be given with it). * We define custom userdata which configures WinRM and installs Python on the machine (Windows Server 2012 in this example) once it’s up. This is required for the Cloudify agent to be installed on the machine.

Tips

  • It is highly recommended to ensure that Openstack names are unique (for a given type): While Openstack allows for same name objects, having identical names for objects of the same type might lead to ambiguities and errors.

  • To set up DNS servers for Openstack servers (whether it’s the Cloudify Manager or application VMs), one may use the Openstack dns_nameservers parameter for the Subnet type - that is, pass the parameter directly to Neutron by using the args input of the operations in Subnet node, e.g.:

my_subnet_node:
  interfaces:
    cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle:
      create:
        inputs:
          args:
            dns_nameservers: [1.2.3.4]
    cloudify.interfaces.validation:
      creation:
        inputs:
          args:
            dns_nameservers: [1.2.3.4]

This will set up 1.2.3.4 as the DNS server for all servers on this subnet.

  • Public keys, unlike the rest of the Openstack resources, are user-based rather than tenant-based. When errors indicate a missing keypair, make sure you’re using the correct user rather than tenant.

  • To control the order in which networks are attached to a server (and thereby control which interface is connected to which network), it’s possible to override the nics key of the args input in operations of the cloudify.openstack.nodes.Server type.

  • ICMP rules show up on Horizon (Openstack GUI) as ones defined using type and code fields, rather than a port range. However, in the actual Neutron (and Nova, in case of Nova-net security groups) service, these fields are represented using the standard port range fields (i.e., type and code correspond to port_range_min and port_range_max (respectively) on Neutron security groups, and to from_port and to_port (respectively) on Nova-net security groups).
    • For example, to set a security group rule which allows ping from anywhere, the following setting may be declared in the blueprint:
      • protocol: icmp
      • port_range_min: 0 (type)
      • port_range_max: 0 (code)
      • remote_ip_prefix: 0.0.0.0/0
  • To use Openstack Neutron’s ML2 extensions, use the args input for the Network’s create operation. For example, the provider network may be set in the following way:
my_network:
  type: cloudify.openstack.nodes.Network
  ...
  interfaces:
    cloudify.interfaces.lifecycle:
      create:
        inputs:
          args:
            # Note that for this parameter to work, OpenStack must be configured to use Neutron's ML2 extensions
            provider:network_type: vxlan

Misc

  • This plugin supports transformation of resource names according to the resources prefix feature. For more information on this feature, read the CloudifyManager node type’s documentation.

  • The plugin’s operations are each transactional (and therefore also retryable on failures), yet not idempotent. Attempting to execute the same operation twice is likely to fail.

  • Over this documentation, it’s been mentioned multiple times that some configuration-saving information may be available in the Provider Context. The Openstack manager blueprint and Openstack provider both create this relevant information, and therefore if either was used for bootstrapping, the Provider Context will be available for the Openstack plugin to use.

    The exact details of the structure of the Openstack Provider Context are not documented since this feature is going through deprecation and will be replaced with a more advanced one.